ⓘ Musical instruments


Musical instrument

Musical instruments are things used to make music. Anything that somehow produces sound can be considered a musical instrument, but the term generally means items that are specifically for making music. Musical instruments can be divided by type into: woodwind wind instruments string instruments plucked or bowed brass percussion instruments keyboard instruments An orchestra has instruments from four families: bowed string instruments e.g. violin woodwind e.g. flute percussion e.g. drums brass e.g. trumpet Some people think that the voice is a "natural musical instrument" because singing is ...


Period instruments

The period instruments are musical instruments which have been made in the same way they were made hundreds of years ago. This is done so that earlier music will sound like it did when it was first composed. Musical instruments have changed a lot during the last few centuries. Composers like Johann Sebastian Bach 1685-1750 wrote music for instruments which sounded differently from the way they do today. Although most of the orchestral instruments we use nowadays were already in use in Bach’s day, instrument makers have made changes to them. These changes often gave the instruments a bigger ...


Serpent (musical instrument)

The serpent is an ancient, low-sounding wind instrument in an S shape. It looks a bit like a snake or serpent. It is made of wood, but had a mouthpiece similar to a trumpet and is classified as a brass instrument. The serpent has a range from C below the bass clef to around F above middle C. It was perhaps invented by Frenchman, Edme Guillaume, in the late 1500s. It made a comeback in the late 1800s and can be heard in Berlioz Symphonie Fantastique. The nearest musical instrument to the serpent is the ophicleide, which replaced it in the 19th century. Its place was taken later on by valved ...


Reed (instrument)

A reed is a piece of dry bamboo that is used in some musical instruments such as saxophones, clarinets and oboes. The musician blows air through the mouthpiece where the reed is firmly placed, and the air makes the reed vibrate; this vibration in the mouthpiece produces sound all along the instrument, which is changed into specific musical notes depending on the physical nature of the instrument. Musical instruments that use reeds are members of the woodwind family, because many years ago the instruments were all made of wood. Today the instruments can be made of metal, wood, or a hard pla ...


String instrument

A string instrument is a musical instrument that makes sound by vibrating the strings on it. The strings are plucked to produce sounds. Each string has a different frequency. The desired frequency can be obtained by adjusting the tension on the string. A string instrument plays soft notes. The strings on the instrument usually come in many shapes and forms. There are many types of stringed instruments. The most common of these appear in the violin family. The violin is a small, stringed instrument played with a bow, usually made of horses hair. When the bow is drawn across the strings it c ...


Wind instrument

A wind instrument is a type of musical instrument where the player blows into a mouthpiece to produce sound. They typically fit into two categories: woodwind instruments and brass instruments. Woodwind instruments include oboe, clarinet, flute, and saxophone. The brass instruments include the bugle, trumpet, trombone, cornet and tuba.


Brass instrument

A brass instrument is a musical instrument that you play by blowing through a mouthpiece to change the pitch, or note. Brass players use their breath to produce sound. Instead of blowing into a reed, they vibrate their lips by buzzing them against a metal cup-shaped mouthpiece. The mouthpiece helps to amplify the buzzing, which creates the sound. Most brass instruments have valves attached to their long pipes; the valves look like buttons. Pressing on the valves makes them open and close different parts of the pipe. With brass instruments, the sound starts at the lips. Their mouthpieces ju ...


Transposing instrument

A transposing instrument is a musical instrument that does not play the notes you might think it will play. But all the notes differ from the real notes by the same musical interval. So a song played on the transposing instrument will sound familiar, but played in a different key. That is because the transposing instrument is tuned above or below what the usual notes would be, and always above or below by the same number of notes on a scale. The usual notes are called "concert pitch". Most non-transposing instruments, like pianos, are tuned to play in the key of C. When writing music for a ...



An instrument can mean several things. Wind instrument Tool String instrument Percussion instrument Keyboard instrument Musical instrument, something that makes music or sound


Sampler (musical instrument)

A sampler is an electronic musical instrument that is similar to the synthesizer. What a sample does is that instead of creating sounds from scratch however, a sampler starts with more than one recording of different sounds added by the user, and then plays each back based on how the instrument is configured. Because these samples are usually stored in RAM, the information can be quickly accessed.


Triangle (instrument)

The triangle is a musical instrument with three sides and curved corners. There is always one corner where the sides do not join. This makes it possible for the instrument to vibrate. The player holds a small piece of string or leather from which the triangle is hanging, and he makes a sound by hitting the triangle with a triangle beater. In orchestras, where the percussionist may be playing several percussion instruments, the triangle may hang from a stand so that the player can move quickly to another instrument. Triangles come in different sizes. Smaller ones will sound higher than larg ...


Keyboard instrument

A keyboard instrument is an instrument that is played by pressing the keys of a keyboard. In a keyboard, the notes are arranged with naturals forming the main body of the keyboard, and sharps and flats placed in cuttings into the upper half of the naturals. The ways in which the sound is made varies a lot: In the harpsichord, the strings are plucked by quills or" jacks”. In the piano, hammers hit the strings. In the organ, air is sent through pipes. In the clavichord, the strings are hit by a metal" tangent”. In the electronic organ or synthesizer, sound is made electronically. In the 17th ...



6-plus-6-instruments are musical instruments having each 12 tones. Their keys or cords are in two rows. In each row the tone distance is a whole-tone distance. The distance between both rows is a half-tone distance. So there is the same fingering in all 6 scales where the base tone is in the same row. If there is a third row, which is the same like the first row, there is the same fingering in all 12 scales, e. g. on a piano with a Janko keyboard.


Barrel organ

A barrel organ plays music by using turning a barrel, with notes decided by an arrangement of pins. It is very similar to a simple music box where the pins pluck a metal harp. With a barrel organ, the pins in the barrel lift "keys" that open valves that let air from the bellows to play the pipes. The barrel organ is sometimes wrongly called a hurdy gurdy, which is a string instrument. Barrel organs come in many different sizes from hand carried ones to large sizes carried on a wagon or trailer. Usually each barrel had a number of tunes on it, and the tune could be changed to different sele ...



The berimbau is a single-string percussion instrument, a musical bow, from Brazil. Originally from Africa where it receives different names, the berimbau was eventually brought into the practice of the Afro-Brazilian martial art capoeira, the berimbau leads the capoeiristas movement in the roda - the faster the berimbau is playing the faster the capoeirista moves in the game.



A Dafli is a handheld bass producing device, which can be thought of similar to a drum or tabla. There is not much learning involved unlike other musical instruments and one can soon learn to produce a musical pattern on it. They are often used in rural folkfares, religious festivals, or bhajans. Some people earn their livelihood by playing such musical instruments.



The Dhimay, Dhimaya or Dhime is a drum. The drummer can hit either side of the drum. The dhime is a traditional Newar musical instrument.



The didgeridoo is an Australian Aboriginal wind musical instrument. They were used by the Yolgnu people of Arnhem Land. They can be quite long, anywhere from 1 to 3 m long. Most are around 1.2 m long. The longer the instrument, the lower the pitch or key of the instrument. They are a hollow wooden tube, which can be either cylindrical or conical in shape. It is best described as being a wooden trumpet or drone. Musicologists say it is a brass aerophone. It is difficult to know when didgeridoos were first used. Studies of rock art in Arnhem Land show that it has been in use for more than 1. ...


Dizi (instrument)



The Floppotron is a musical instrument. It was made by Polish engineer Pawel Zadrozniak. It is made of a set of computer hardware that plays music together. The latest version, the Floppotron 2.0, has 64 floppy drives, eight hard drives, and two flatbed scanners.


Fuzz bass

Fuzz bass is a style of playing the electric bass. When a person plays fuzz bass, the bass sounds buzzy and distorted. Fuzz bass is created by turning up the volume on a bass amplifier very high, or by using an electronic fuzz pedal. In the mid-1960s, some bass players began to play fuzz bass. The Beatles 1965 song "Think for Yourself" has fuzz bass. The 1965 Rolling Stones song "Under My Thumb" has fuzz bass.



The gayageum or kayagum is a traditional Korean zither-like string instrument. It has 12 strings, though some more recent variants have 21 or other numbers of strings. It is probably the best known traditional Korean musical instrument. Its body is made of Paulownia wood.


Glass harmonica

The glass harmonica is a musical instrument. It was invented by Benjamin Franklin. It is made up of a spinning stick with glass bowls around it. The player rubs their fingers on the glass bowls as the instrument spins to make music. Different sizes of bowl make different sounds.


Hang (instrument)

The Hang is a musical instrument. It is in the idiophone class. It was created by Felix Rohner and Sabina Scharer in Bern, Switzerland. The Hang is sometimes called hang drum, but the people who made the hang think that this is wrong and that people should not call it that.



An idiophone is a type of musical instrument that makes sound from the material of the instrument itself. They do not use reeds, strings or resonators. Most percussion instruments that are not drums are idiophones. Idiophones make their sound by hitting, rubbing or shaking. Drums are not idiophones. Neither are stringed instruments. Examples of idiophones include the triangle, wood block, maracas, bell, and gong.


Jews harp

The Jews harp is a small musical instrument. It is held on the mouth and plucked. The person playing the harp changes the pitch and tone of the sound created by changing the shape of their mouth.


List of musical instruments

This is a list of musical instruments. Bass banjo Accordion Banjo Alghoza Bluegrass banjo Five-stringed banjo Banjo cello Bagpipes Afghani guitar Plectrum banjo Four-stringed banjo Six-stringed banjo Tenor banjo Zither banjo Contrabassoon/double bassoon Bassoon Tenoroon Bass guitar Chimta Bongo Berimbau Clarinet Bass clarinet Contra-alto clarinet Contrabass clarinet Clarinette damour Basset horn Piccolo clarinet Alto clarinet A♭ clarinet Cello Basset clarinet E♭ clarinet D clarinet Sopranino clarinet A clarinet C clarinet G clarinet B♭ clarinet Soprano clarinet Octocontrabass clarinet Octo ...



The mantura is a wind musical instrument. It is originally from the Greek island of Crete. It has 4 to 6 holes for the fingers and makes sound with the help of the tongue.





The mellophone is a medium-range instrument which typically takes the place of the French horn in marching bands. Its appearance is similar to that of a trumpet except for more tubing and a much larger bell.


Musical tuning

In music tuning an instrument means getting it ready so that when it is played it will sound at the correct pitch: not too high or too low. When two or more instruments play together it is particularly important that they are in tune with one another. This means that when they play the same note it is indeed exactly the same note. If the two instruments are not in tune with one another it will sound unpleasant because two notes which are very slightly different in pitch will produce a" beat”.


Native American flute

The Native American flute is a flute that is held in front of the person playing it, has open holes for the players fingers, and has two separate parts: one for the breath of the person playing the flute and another that makes the sound of the flute. The player breathes into one end of the flute. A block on the outside of the flute directs the players breath from the first part to the second part, causing air to vibrate in the second part. The vibration causes a steady resonance of air in the second part that creates sound. Native American flutes are made in many different designs, sizes, ...



The Novachord is what many people say is the first polyphonic synthesizer. It is completely electronic. It was designed by John M. Hanert, Laurens Hammond and C. N. Williams. It was then made by the Hammond company. Only 1.069 Novachords were made between 1939 and 1942.


Piccolo trumpet

The Picolo trumpet is a smaller version of the trumpet, that is also tuned an octave higher than the regular trumpet. Since the 19th century, regular trumpets have three valves. The piccolo usually has four valves. Note also that the piccolo trumpet is different from the pocket trumpet. A pocket trumpet has the same tonal range as a regular trumpet; it is just built differently. A piccolo trumpet has another characteristic tone, which can easily be distinguished from that of a regular trumpet. The piccolo was developed in the first quarter of the 20th century, mostly by Julius Kosleck. Kos ...


Roland D-50

The Roland D-50 is a linear/polyphonic 61-key synthesizer made by Roland. It was released in 1987. Its features include Linear Arithmetic synthesis, on-board effects, a joystick for data manipulation, and an analog synthesis-styled keyboard layout. The external Roland PG-1000 programmer could also be attached to the D-50 for more complex manipulation of sounds. It was also produced in a rack-mount version. This was called the D-550 and had almost 450 user-adjustable parameters.



Santur is an Iranian traditional musical instrument. It can also be referred to as santoor or santour. It is usually based on 18 Bridge on the left and right side. Santoor has 4 strings in each bridge. It is commonly played with two wooden stick named Persian: مضراب ‎ which has strings usually either white and yellow. The three different parts provide different tones where the yellow strings which is often the first position, while the white strings being in the second position and the bridge, and lastly the yellow strings behind the bridge.


Uilleann pipes


Water organ

The water organ or hydraulic organ is a kind of pipe organ. As in the pipe organ, the sound is made by air blowing through the pipes, but power to make the air blow does not come from bellows or from electricity as in the modern organ, but from water, for example from a waterfall. A hydraulis is an early type of pipe organ that was powered by water. It was invented in the 3rd century B.C., probably by the Hellenistic scientist Ctesibius of Alexandria. It was the worlds first keyboard instrument. Many centuries later it developed into the modern pipe organ. The water organ works by having w ...

Kombu (instrument)

Kombu (instrument)

Kombu or Kombu Pattu is a musical instrument. It is a long horn. People play this instrument by blowing into it. This instrument is used in the music from Kerala in southern India.

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