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ⓘ Knowledge



                                               

Knowledge

Knowledge means the things which are true, as opposed to opinion. Information which is correct is knowledge. Knowledge can always be supported by evidence. If a statement is not supported by evidence, then it is not knowledge. The evidence makes it justified;. Knowledge can refer to a theoretical or practical understanding of a subject. This was the point of Ryles distinction between "knowing that" and "knowing how". It can be implicit as with practical skill or expertise or explicit as with the theoretical understanding of a subject; it can be more or less formal or systematic. In philoso ...

                                               

Knowledge Graph

The Knowledge Graph is a feature in the Google search engine. It gets information from several sources, like the CIA World Factbook, Wikidata, and Wikipedia. It is used to show important information and pictures about a person, group, or subject. The Knowledge Graph was added to Google in 2012. After that, lots of Knowledge Graphs were created. Google says that Knowledge Graphs answer about one third of all Google searches. Some people do not like the Knowledge Graph because it does not cite any sources. Information from the Knowledge Graph is used to answer spoken questions in Google Assi ...

                                               

Zero-knowledge proof

A zero-knowledge proof or zero-knowledge protocol is a protocol used in cryptography. In such a protocol, two parties are communicating. The task of one party is to convince the other that it knows some secret, but without revealing the secret.

                                               

Tree of Knowledge

In the Book of Genesis, chapters two and three, the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil was a tree in the middle of the Garden of Eden, along with the Tree of Life. God Told Adam and Eve) to never eat from this Tree. When Eve and Adam, ate the fruit from the Tree of Knowledge, they discovered that they were naked, and were banished from the garden and forced to survive through farming.

                                               

Knowledge of results

Knowledge of results is a term in the psychology of learning. p619 A psychology dictionary defines it as feedback of information: "a to a subject about the correctness of responses; b a student about success or failure in mastering material, or c a client in psychotherapy about progress". It describes the situation where a subject gets information which helps them to change behaviour in a desirable way, or to gain understanding. A primitive example is avoiding a behaviour after punishment. An advanced example is the way a human may improve understanding and behaviour after a teacher explai ...

                                               

BBC Knowledge Magazine

BBC Knowledge Magazine was a magazine made by the BBC. It had articles about science, nature and history. The magazine was launched in North America, in 2008. It closed in November 2012. It reprinted articles from BBC Focus Magazine, BBC History Magazine and BBC Wildlife Magazine. It was available in many countries and was edited by different people. A digital version of BBC Knowledge Magazine was available. The magazine was chosen as one of the top ten magazines of 2008 by Library Journal.

                                               

Epistemology

Epistemology is the philosophy of knowledge. It seeks to answer the questions "What is knowledge?" and "How is knowledge acquired?" Epistemologists are philosophers who are interested in questions such as whether it is possible to have knowledge, what kind of knowledge there is, and how people come to know things. One of the first philosophers to make a clear statement on these questions was Xenophanes 570–470 BC. The following saying was, and still is, famous: "Certain truth has no man. for even if he ever succeeds in saying what is true, he will never know it". This is an early kind of s ...

                                               

Science

Science is what we do to find out about the natural world. Natural sciences include physics, chemistry, biology, geology and astronomy. Science uses mathematics and logic, which are sometimes called "formal sciences". Natural science makes observations and experiments. Science produces accurate facts, scientific laws and theories. Science also refers to the large amount of knowledge that has been found using this process. Research uses the scientific method. Scientific research uses hypotheses based on ideas or earlier knowledge, which can be categorized through different topics. Then thos ...

                                               

Field of study

A field of study is a general topic of knowledge, learning, or research. In schools they are often called "subjects". Some examples include mathematics, biology, and classical studies. Disciplines require training and qualification. Qualified people are able to use the methods of a discipline, and have knowledge of that discipline. Thus, for example, a chemist knows chemistry, and can carry out chemical analysis in a standard chemical laboratory. The discipline of palaeography, the study of ancient writing, covers knowledge of older forms of writing, and how to study, decipher and translat ...

                                               

Data mining

Data mining is a term from computer science. Sometimes it is also called knowledge discovery in databases. Data mining is about finding new information in a lot of data. The information obtained from data mining is hopefully both new and useful. In many cases, data is stored so it can be used later. The data is saved with a goal. For example, a store wants to save what has been bought. They want to do this to know how much they should buy themselves, to have enough to sell later. Saving this information, makes a lot of data. The data is usually saved in a database. The reason why data is s ...

                                               

Civilization

Civilization comes from the Latin word civis meaning someone who lives in a town. The Romans usually wanted conquered people to live in towns. When people are civilized, they have learned from the wisdom, skill and knowledge gained over centuries of human progress. The opposite of civilization is sometimes said to be entropy, barbarity, rudeness, or animal-like behavior. A civilization is generally an advanced stage of organization. That means it has laws, culture, a regular way of getting food and protecting the people. Most civilizations have agriculture, and a system of government like ...

                                               

Systeme universitaire de documentation

Systeme universitaire de documentation or SUDOC is a shared database used by the libraries of universities and other higher education institutions in France. It identifies, tracks and manages the documents which they hold. The SUDOC online catalog has more than 10 million references. It allows students and researchers to find bibliographical and location information in over 3.400 document centers. It is maintained by the Agence bibliographique de lenseignement superieur.

                                               

List of common misconceptions

John F. Kennedys words Ich bin ein Berliner are standard German for "I am a Berliner". An urban legend has it that due to his use of the indefinite article ein, Berliner is translated as jelly doughnut, and that the population of Berlin was amused by the supposed mistake. The word Berliner is not commonly used in Berlin to refer to the Berliner Pfannkuchen ; they are usually called ein Pfannkuchen. According to Time magazine, there is a common misconception among Americans that Abraham Lincoln freed all the millions of American slaves with the Emancipation Proclamation of January 1863, but ...

                                               

Data

The word data means "known facts". Data especially refers to numbers, but can mean words, sounds, and images. Metadata is data about data. It is used to find data. Originally, data is the plural of the Latin word datum, from dare, meaning "give". Datum is rarely used in English. So data often gets used as if it were a singular word. Some people like to say "data are", not "data is".

                                               

Data collection

Data collection is the task of gathering and measuring data in an orderly or systematic way. Researchers follow a formal plan for data collection to ensure that the information they collect has clear definitions, and is accurate. If you do not have clearly defined, accurate information, decisions you make using that information will not have validity.

                                               

Foolishness

Foolishness is when someone acts without wisdom or sense. A foolish decision is one made without careful reasoning or judgement. An act of foolishness is called folly. A person who shows foolishness may be called a fool. It is different to stupidity, which is the lack of intelligence. A fools errand is a useless piece of work. A fools paradise a happy state for which there is no good reason. The wise fool is a common literary character, a person who appears at first to be unintelligent but then reveals him or herself to possess a grest deal of wisdom. An example of this is Sancho Panza in ...

                                               

Functional illiteracy

Functional illiteracy means that a person is not able to read, write, and do math well in regular life. Someone who is fully illiterate can not read, write, or do math at all. Such people have perhaps never learnt how to read or write; perhaps they did not need to. A person who is functionally illiterate is different - at some point in their lives, these people were taught reading and writing skills. For different reasons, adults who are functionally illiterate try to avoid writing and reading as much as possible. That way, a person who is functionally illiterate may be able to write their ...

                                               

Information systems

Information systems is the study of how people put data into computers to create useful information. There are five things you need to make an information system work: Hardware - The actual computers that people use to store facts. Software - The instructions on these computer screens that tell you how to enter facts into the computer. People - People that are using these computers to do their jobs. Procedures - The things people have to DO to do their jobs. Data - Facts, facts, and more facts in the computer.

                                               

Wisdom

Wisdom is knowing things that help a person to live sensibly and make good decisions. Wisdom is defined differently by many cultures. Some say that wisdom is something a person learns as they grow older. Other cultures expect people to complete certain rituals in order to get wisdom. If someone has wisdom we say he is wise. Most cultures from the past have had special people who were supposed to be wise. People asked them for advice when they had problems because they knew things that ordinary people did not know or could not know. They were often called "sages". There are many stories in ...

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